A Brief Rundown of

Information about Stem Cells

Numerous advancements have been experienced in the medical field over the years. The reason for the numerous advancements in the technologies that have been invented. Due to the numerous advancements made in the medical field, stem cell therapy has been deemed to have great promises in treating various diseases, and medical conditions. The differences between stem cells and regular cells are numerous. If you want to understand stem cells more, you need to research more about stem cells. Stem cells are mainly of two types. The two types of stem cells are adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. The name used to refer to stem cells derived from living human beings is adult stem cells. The name used to refer to stem cells derived from human embryos is embryonic stem cells.

Adult stem cells are as versatile as embryonic stem cells, but they cannot become all the cell types found in the human body. The first uses of stem cells were umbilical cord and bone mallow transplantation. However, some scientists believed that adult stem cells are inferior to embryonic stem cells because adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body. By reprogramming adult stem cells, scientists hope they can make adult cells capable of becoming any cell type in the human body. Induced pluripotent stem cells is the other name for reprogrammed adult stem cells.

All the stem cells found in the human body can be developed from induced pluripotent stem cells, just like in embryonic stem cells. Even though adult stem cells cannot divide to create every type of cell found in the human body, they are easy to harvest, available in plenty, and have a low risk of immune system injection in patients. All cells making the embryo are stem cells within the first four to five days after fertilization. Different types of cells form from the stem cells in the embryo. The pluripotency of the stem cells forming the embryo ends five or six days after fertilization.

Perinatal stem cells are mostly sourced from amniotic fluid and tissue, umbilical cord blood and tissue, and placental blood and tissue. Adult stem cells are mainly harvested in three ways; bone marrow extraction, blood draw, and tissue fat extraction, also referred to as liposuction. Embryos used to harvest embryonic stem cells are not grown in a woman’s womb; instead, they are multiplied in a laboratory. You should be prepared to feel fatigued and sore for a few weeks if you want to be a donor for stem cells because about ten percent of a donor’s bone marrow is extracted. When stem cells are being extracted from a donor’s bone marrow, the donor sedated so that the procedure can be painless.

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